532: Use of Crisis Teams and Peace Officers to Remove Students with IEPs from School Grounds

Policy reflects Minnesota statute and aligns with other District 270 policies.


The purpose of this policy is to describe the appropriate use of peace officers and crisis teams to remove, if necessary, a student with an individualized education program (IEP) from school grounds.


The School District is committed to promoting learning environments that are safe for all members of the school community. It further believes that students are the first priority and that they should be reasonably protected from physical or emotional harm at all school locations and during all school activities.

All students, including those with IEPs, are subject to the terms of Policy 506, Student Conduct and Discipline. Building level administrators have the leadership responsibility to maintain a safe, secure, and orderly educational environment within which learning can occur. Appropriate action will be taken by staff when a student’s behavior warrants intervention.

If a student with an IEP engages in conduct that, in the judgment of school personnel, endangers or may endanger the health, safety, or property of the student, other students, staff members, school property, or other individuals that student may be removed from school grounds in accordance with this policy.


For the purposes of this policy, the following terms have the meaning given them in this section:

A. “Student with an IEP” or “the student” means a student who is eligible to receive special education and related services pursuant to the terms of an IEP or an individual interagency intervention plan (IIIP).

B. “Peace officer” means an employee or an elected or appointed official of a political subdivision or law enforcement agency who is licensed by the Board of Peace Officer Standards and Training, charged with the prevention and detection of crime and the enforcement of general criminal laws of the state and who has the full power of arrest. The term “peace officer” includes a person who serves as a sheriff, a deputy sheriff, a police officer, or a state patrol trooper.

C. “Crisis team” means a group of persons, which may include teachers and non-teaching school personnel, selected by the building administrator in each school building who have received crisis intervention training and are responsible for becoming actively involved with resolving crises. The building administrator or designee shall serve as the leader of the crisis team

D. The phrase “remove the student from school grounds” is the act of securing the person of a student with an IEP and escorting that student from the school building or school activity at which the student with an IEP is located.

E. “Emergency” means a situation in which immediate intervention is necessary to protect a student or other individual from physical injury.

F. "Restrictive Procedures" mean the use of physical holding or seclusion in an emergency.

G. "Physical Holding" means physical intervention intended to:

      1.   hold a student immobile; or

       2.   limit a student's movement

       3.   and where body contact is the only source of physical restraint.

  ***"Physical Holding" should only be used by those who are trained in it.

H.   All other terms and phrases used in this policy shall be defined in accordance with applicable state and federal law or ordinary and customary usage.


A. Removal By Crisis Team

If the behavior of a student with an IEP escalates to the point where removal is necessary, the school building’s crisis team may be summoned. The crisis team may attempt to de-escalate the student’s behavior by means including, but not limited to, those described in the student’s IEP and/or Positive Behavior Support Plan. If such measures fail, or if the crisis team determines that the student should be removed, the crisis team may remove the student from school grounds. If the student’s behavior cannot be safely managed, school personnel may immediately request assistance from the peace officer.

B. Removal By Peace Officer

If a student with an IEP engages in conduct that merits removal, the school building’s crisis team, building administrator, or the building administrator’s designee, may request that a peace officer remove the student from school grounds.

If a student with an IEP is restrained or removed from a classroom, school building, or school grounds by a peace officer at the request of a building administrator or school staff person during the school day on 2 separate school days within 30 calendar days, the student’s IEP team must meet to determine if the student’s IEP is adequate or if additional evaluation is needed.

C. Appropriate Force Permitted

In removing a student with an IEP from school grounds, a building administrator, other crisis team members, or the police liaison officer or any agents of the School District, may use appropriate force when it is necessary under the circumstances to restrain a student or prevent bodily harm or death to another.

In removing a student with an IEP from school grounds, school district personnel are further prohibited from engaging in the following conduct:

1. Corporal punishment prohibited by Minn. Stat. § 121A.58;

2. Requiring a child to assume and maintain a specified physical position, activity, or posture that induces physical pain;

3. Totally or partially restricting a child’s senses as punishment;

4. Denying or restricting a child’s access to equipment and devices such as walkers, wheel chairs, hearing aids, and communication boards that facilitate the child’s functioning except when temporarily removing the equipment or device is needed to prevent injury to the child or others or serious damage to the equipment or device, in which case the equipment or device shall be returned to the child as soon as possible;

5. Interacting with a child in a manner that constitutes sexual abuse, neglect, or physical abuse under Minn. Stat. § 626.556;

6. Physical holding (as defined in Minn. Stat. § 125A.0941) that restricts or impairs a child’s ability to breathe, restricts or impairs a child’s ability to communicate distress, places pressure or weight on a child’s head, throat, neck, chest, lungs, sternum, diaphragm, back, or abdomen, or results in straddling a child’s torso;

7. Withholding regularly scheduled meals or water; and/or

8. Denying a child access to toilet facilities.

9. Seclusion as punishment.

The above list, however, is not exhaustive and other unreasonable acts may qualify as prohibited conduct.

D. Parental Notification

The building administrator or designee shall make reasonable efforts to notify the student’s parent or guardian of the student’s removal from school grounds as soon as possible following removal.

If restrictive procedures are used, the District shall make reasonable efforts to notify the parent the same day.  If the District is unable to provide same-day notice, notice will be sent by written or electronic means or as otherwise indicated by the parent.

In addition, the administrator, or designee, shall ensure that a written incident report is prepared, describing the incident and that the school personnel involved in the incident engaged in a debriefing process.

E. Continued Removals; Review of IEP

Continued and repeated use of the removal process described herein must be reviewed in the development of the individual student’s IEP or IIIP.

Continued and repeated use of the removal process for students without IEPs will be referred to the building's Student Assistance Team to determine if the student should be evaluated to determine the need for additional supports.

F. Effect of Policy in an Emergency; Use of Restrictive Procedures

A student with an IEP may be removed in accordance with this policy regardless of whether the student’s conduct would create an emergency.

If the school district seeks to remove a student with an IEP from school grounds under this policy due to behaviors that constitute an emergency and the student’s IEP, IIIP, or behavior intervention plan authorizes the use of one or more restrictive procedures, the crisis team may employ those restrictive procedures, in addition to any appropriate interventions that may be necessary, to facilitate the student’s removal from school grounds, as long as the crisis team members who are implementing the restrictive procedures have received the training required by Minn. Stat § 125A.0942, Subd. 5, and otherwise comply with the requirements of § 125A.0942.

If the crisis team uses restrictive procedures in an emergency twice in thirty days, or when a pattern emerges and restrictive procedures are not included in the student's IEP or Positive Behavior Intervention Plan (PBSP) the student's IEP team shall meet to conduct or review a functional behavioral analysis, review data, consider developing additional or revised positive behavioral interventions and supports, consider actions to reduce the use of restrictive procedures, and modify the IEP plan or PBSP as appropriate.

G. Reporting to the Minnesota Department of Education (MDE)

Annually, stakeholders may recommend, as necessary, to the Commissioner of MDE(Commissioner) specific and measurable implementation and outcome goals for reducing the use of restrictive procedures. The Commissioner must submit to the Legislature a report on districts’ progress in reducing the use of restrictive procedures that recommends how to further reduce these procedures and eliminate the use of prone restraints. By June 30 of each year, districts must report summary data on the use of restrictive procedures to the MDE, in a form and manner determined by the Commissioner. The summary data must include information about the use of restrictive procedures, including the use of reasonable force by school personnel that is consistent with the definition of physical holding or seclusion of a child with a disability.

Legal References:
Minn. Stat. § 13.01, et seq. (Minnesota Government Data Practices Act)
Minn. Stat. §§ 121A.40-121A.56 (Minnesota Pupil Fair Dismissal Act)
Minn. Stat. § 121A.582 (Student Discipline; Reasonable Force)
Minn. Stat. § 121A.61 (Discipline and Removal of Students from Class)
Minn. Stat. § 121A.67, Subd. 2 (Aversive and Deprivation Procedures)
Minn. Stat. §§ 125A.094-125A.0942 (Restrictive Procedures for Children with Disabilities)
Minn. Stat. § 609.06 (Authorized Use of Force)
Minn. Stat. § 609.379 (Permitted Actions)
20 U.S.C. § 1232g et seq. (Family Educational Rights and Privacy (FERPA))
20 U.S.C. § 1415(k)(6) (Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA))
34 C.F.R. § 300.535 (IDEA Regulation Regarding Involvement of Law Enforcement)

Cross References:
MSBA/MASA Model Policy 506 (Student Discipline)
MSBA/MASA Model Policy 507 (Corporal Punishment)
MSBA/MASA Model Policy 515 (Protection and Privacy of Pupil Records)
MSBA/MASA Model Policy 525 (Violence Prevention)
MSBA/MASA Model Policy 806 (Crisis Management Policy)


Adopted: March 3, 2005
Revised: April 17, 2008, January 9, 2014, March 21, 2017, April 7, 2022